PROGRAM NOTES 09/26/14- This weeks show features stories from SPANISH NATIONAL RADIO, RADIO HAVANA CUBA, the VOICE OF RUSSIA, and NHK WORLD RADIO JAPAN.

From SPAIN- First some press reviews on the planned referendum on Catalan independence from Spain in light of the Scottish rejection of its independence. A report on the UN conference on Climate Change. The US has begun airstrikes against Islamic State in Syria, killing at least 50 fighters and 8 civilians in the first attacks. Hundreds of thousands of Syrians have fled to Turkey and Lebanon to avoid the increased violence. Israel shot down a Syrian jet which strayed over the occupied Golan Heights- Israeli soldiers also killed 2 people suspected of kidnapping and killing the three Israeli teenagers in June which was blamed on Hamas and the reason Israel gave for the assault on the Gaza Strip which lasted 50 days.

From CUBA- US President Obama will be welcoming Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu to the White House on October 1. More on the airstrikes on Islamic state targets in Syria- the NYT reported that the vast majority of airstrikes were from US warplanes and naval vessels.

From RUSSIA- As the US launched airstrikes in Syria, the White House said that there were no plans for US ground troops to be deployed. A military analyst discusses what the long term plan in the Middle East may be, and Russia has concerns about the arming of moderate rebels in Syria and that Assad should not be unseated. Will a military victory work when a political victory is required?

From JAPAN- The US bombing in Syria began focusing on oil refineries, allegedly to cut off financing for the Islamic State militant group. The US Center For Disease Control warned that the Ebola epidemic could reach 1.4 million West Africans by January. People rallied in Tokyo against government moves to restart a nuclear power plant. The radioactive leaks at the Fukushima power plant have not been stopped from reaching the Pacific ocean by the ice barrier attempt over the last few months- so the new plan is to replace the ice with cement.

"The tragedy of modern war is that the young men die fighting each other--instead of their real enemies back home in the capitals."
-- Edward Abbey